The Institute is the leading Scientific Research Centre of the Republic of Belarus in the field of Genetics, Genomics and Biotechnology.
Training of scientific personnel is carried out. Active collaboration with higher educational establishments is underway.
The Institute is focused on the commercialization of research results, and the provision of services in the field of genomic biotechnologies.
The Institute of Genetics and Cytology of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus was established in 1965.
The founder and the first director of the Institute was Nikolai V. Turbin, an outstanding genetic scientist, the Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus and the Academician of the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, the Honored Scientist of the Byelorussian SSR and the State Prize winner of the Byelorussian SSR.
At different times outstanding genetic scientists worked at the Institute — A.R. Zhebrak, P.F. Rokitsky, Academicians of the Academy of Sciences of the Byelorussian SSR, A.N. Ipatiev, a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Byelorussian SSR.
Over the years of its existence the Institute has made a significant contribution to the solution of a number of fundamental and applied genetic issues. It rightfully has the fame of one of the recognized centres of the former Soviet Union in the theory of heterosis, quantitative genetics and ecological genetics (activity under the direction of Academician N.V.Turbin, Academician L.V.Hotyleva, corresponding member A.V.Kilchevsky), mathematical genetics (activity under the direction of Academician P.F.Rokitsky). The activity in the field of experimental polyploidy of agricultural plants and cytogenetics of distant hybrids, led under the direction of corresponding member V.E.Bormotov, received widespread recognition of the scientific community. The Institute staff members were among the first who started to comprehensively investigate the interaction between nuclear and cytoplasmic genetic systems (under the direction of Doctor of Biological Sciences A.N.Palilova, corresponding member O.G.Davydenko etc), develop an issue of genetic plant transformation (under the direction of Academician N.A.Kartel). The research in oncogenetics and mutagenesis was developed at the Institute for more than 30 years. Outstanding achievements of the Institute staff members were marked with the Byelorussian SSR and the Republic of Belarus State Awards (1974, 1984, 2002), Lenin Komsomol Prize of the Byelorussian SSR (1990), the National Academy of Sciences Awards (1993, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2011), the Academician V.A. Koptyuga Award (2007).